On May 7, 1945, the Act of Military Surrender of Germany was signed, which entered into force on May 8 at 11:01 p.m. The peoples of Europe, the United States and Canada celebrated the end of the war, VE-Day. At Stalin's request, on May 8, 1945, at 22:43 Central European Time (at 00:43, May 9, Moscow time), another "Act of Unconditional Surrender of Germany" was signed in the suburbs of the German capital, Karlshorst. In essence, he duplicated a similar document signed the day before in Reims, and confirmed the time of the ceasefire, which occurred on May 8 at 23.01 Central European Time (May 9 at 1:01 Moscow time).

Easter, or the Resurrection of Christ, is the oldest and most important Christian holiday of the liturgical year. The history of the celebration of Easter began in the days of early Christianity. At that time, the ancient traditions of church pre-Easter services of the "Great Triduum", Easter midnight and morning prayers were born. Christian Passover is always celebrated after the Jewish holiday of Passover.

Today, April 27, 2021, the heart of Emillia Chmielowa - President of the Federation of Polish Organizations in Ukraine, Secretary of the European Union of Polish Communities, Vice President of the Polish Diaspora and co-founder of the International Inter-religious youth seminar "Ark" - a unique project to unite the Ukrainian youth of different ethnic backgrounds and religions - stopped. Mrs. Emilia was a true leader of the revival of Polish life in Ukraine, a kind and sensitive person, a reliable partner and a true friend. "Tkuma" Institute, Museum "Jewish Memory and Holocaust in Ukraine" expresses its sincere condolences to relatives and friends.
This day commemorates the victims of the Armenian Genocide - the deliberate extermination of the Armenian people that happened in the Ottoman Empire and the Turkish Republic from 1915 to 1923. Its victims, according to various estimates, were between 600 thousand to 1.5 million people. In 1908, the Young Turks came to power, the basis of whose national policy was Pan-Turkism - the creation of the Turkish Empire from the Altai to the Mediterranean. They rejected the idea of a polyethnic state and sought to create a culturally and ethnically homogeneous Turkish society. The Armenian population living in the Ottoman Empire became a major obstacle to the implementation of this policy. As a result of the coup in 1913, a military dictatorship of Three Pashas was established: Enver Pasha, Djemal Pasha and Talaat Pasha. Historians consider them, together with the public figure Behaeddin Shakir, to be the organizers of the genocide. The main role in the extermination of the Armenians was played by the organization. Teşkilat-ı Mahsusa (from the Turkish - "Special Organization"), which was created and headed by Shakir. In early 1915, Armenian Ottoman soldiers were accused of treason. About 100,000 Armenians were disarmed and killed. On April 24, 1915, in Istanbul and other cities, more than 5,500 Armenians were arrested, most of them exterminated. After the adoption of the Deportation Act on May 26, 1915, the Ottoman authorities sent the Armenians to the Deir ez-Zor desert, where they were doomed to death. At the end of the summer of 1915, a large part of the Armenian population of the Ottoman Empire was destroyed. As a result of the genocide, about 200,000 Armenian children were orphaned. The extermination of the Armenian population was accompanied by a campaign to destroy cultural heritage. Architectural monuments and churches were looted, cemeteries were used as farmland, and Armenian neighborhoods were renamed and inhabited by Muslims. After the defeat of the Ottoman Empire in World War I, the Young Turk leaders fled the country. A Turkish military tribunal accused them of organizing the killings and sentenced them to death in absentia. Armenian refugees are scattered around the world, forming diasporas in dozens of countries. On April 15, 2015, the European Parliament declared April 24 the European Day of Remembrance for the Victims of the Armenian Genocide in the Ottoman Empire. Remember.

On April 18 was another school day of a joint project of Museum “Jewish Memory and Holocaust in Ukraine and “Tkuma” Institute, which is implemented with the support of Limmud FSU Labs - the school of young guides HistoryLabs. This time the classes were held online, due to the deteriorating epidemiological situation and quarantine in our region.